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Lady Hawke's Native American Site

Lady Hawke's Native American Newsletter


Volume 3, Issue One, January 2004

In This Issue

  • Native Recipe

  • Passages

  • The Bones Are Coming Home

  • January 2004 Powow's

Vision Quest Market

Native American Arts and Crafts

Breast Plate Set at Vision Quest Native American Market

For beautiful and affordable Native American crafts visit:

Vision Quest Native American Market. 


Native Recipe


This traditional food made from dried meat pounded into a paste could be preserved for long periods of time in the form of pressed cakes.  It was useful on long journeys.


2 ounces dried beef jerky

Blender or food processor

4 Dried Apple Slices

A handful of raisins, dried cranberries, or dried cherries

Rubber spatula

Rolling Pin

Waxed Paper

Grind the dried beef jerky in the blender until it is chopped very fine.  Add the dried fruit and raisins.  Grind the mixture until very fine.  Empty from the blender onto the waxed paper.  Lay another sheet of waxed paper on top and roll over the top sheet with a rolling pin until the pemmican is approximately 1/8 inch thick.  Let dry between the waxed paper a day or two in the sun.  To dry in the oven flip the pemmican into a pie tin.  Bake in a 350 degree oven for two hours, turning over several times.  When completely dry break off pieces to eat as snacks.  Store in a sealed container in the fridge.

South Dakota settles ACLU vote suit

by David Melmer

PIERRE, S.D. - The shoe is on the other foot. After an election in which non-Indian politicians leveled charges of voter fraud against Indian voter registration workers, the state of South Dakota has agreed to settle a massive suit against its own alleged voting law violations. It will turn over its voting laws to the federal authorities for review.

Read This Article

The Adopt-A-Native-Elder Program exists to create a bridge of hope between Native Americans and other cultures. It allows us to reach out to one another, share our gifts, and mend the broken circle of our relationship with the Land and the Native Americans who hold it in sacred trust.

The Program supports the traditional Elders who live in the cultural and spiritual traditions of The Dine' People. Most live in remote portions of the Dine's (Navajo) reservation. Many live in traditional hogan's, and some raise sheep as a means of maintaining themselves. The Program provides food, simple medicines, clothing, fabric and yarns to help these Elders live on the Land in their traditional lifestyle. As they have become elderly, it has become more difficult for them to support themselves on the Land in their traditional ways.

Visit the Adopt-A-Native-Elder Program 

Dig Unearths History

by Teri Baker

Russell Townsend with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians said his federally-recognized tribe has been working with officials since the remains of a prehistoric human was discovered on the site last June.

"The Department of Transportation (DOT) has done everything it was supposed to do," Townsend said, noting they had contacted all five federally-recognized tribes in the southeast.

In an area along U.S. Highway 11, archaeologists with Jacksonville State University found what they believe to be the remains of Woodland- and Archaeic-era Indians and artifacts dating back as far as 8,500 B.C.

The site is being excavated because of road work to straighten an area known locally as "Dead Man's Curve." The group of archaeologists came to Fort Payne to remove Native American artifacts from the site where the new road will soon be built.

Townsend said he was concerned because his organization represents Cherokees in eight states—Alabama, Georgia, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina and South Carolina. "We work with federal and state agencies in these states," he said.

He said the state has agreed that if any remains have to be moved, they will be reinterred a short distance away. "We find that's very respectful on their part," he said. "We feel state-recognized groups have every right to be concerned about their ancestors and their remains, but we were at the site in June meeting with the Department of Transportation and were impressed with their care and respect, the way they treated us."

According to Harry Holstein, director of the Archaeological Resource Laboratory with Jacksonville State University, as with all federal and state projects, this research in mandated.

"This is a three-phase project," he said. "In 1999 we did the first phase of the project on the site when our guy went out there, walked the fields and found two sites." One site is located across the creek, but it will not be excavated. Holstein said the finding of arrowheads proved this could be an important site.

In phase two, during the summer of 2000 the college took students to the site where they dug holes and found evidence of posts, pits and nutshell fragments. This determined that homes had been on the site. Phase three of the project, which entailed major excavation, began last summer.

Holstein said the last people on the site was over 500 years ago and was probably the Woodland Indians. "We've not touched anything recent," he said. "It's all prehistoric. We've gaining valuable information about the cultures."

The area was first occupied around 8,500 B.C., according to Holstein, the late Archaic time period to the Woodland time period, between 200 B.C. and 500 A.D.

"In June we started the project, and found so many posts and pits, we stripped off the entire right of way, took off the topsoil and exposed over 500 features," he said.

Over 2000 posts, which represents structures, were found on the site.

"But," Holstein said, "we stopped digging immediately once we found bones. We called the Alabama Department of Transportation and the Alabama Historical Commission the same day. Then we had to wait."

The Native Americans were also contacted. "Every federally-recognized tribe was contacted," Holstein said. "We tried to also contact local tribes, but I'm sure we missed some people." He said they met with the Cherokees on the site, and the group was pleased with what they were doing.

"We had to wait four months after that," he said. "We had to pay students and workers to camp at the site, and we did our best to protect the graves.

However, Holstein said, things came to a head when they hired the Fort Payne police to patrol the site during the Christmas holidays. "When people saw police camped on the site, they started talking, and rumors started going around," he said. "Local people drove by and thought `Gold!' By the time we got back after Christmas it was a mess."

Holstein said one rumor was that they had taken the bones out and had them on display at the university. "That's not true," he said. "All bones found were reburied near the site. We were trying to protect them."

"We want everyone happy," he added. "We're trying to help the county and city. And we want off the site as quickly as they want us off."

Archaeologists are digging very carefully, he said. Every time a pit is found, the digging stops. "We use satellites to tell us where we're at on the field," Holstein said. "We want to locate all the burials we can, otherwise the bulldozers will mash them if we don't move them.

We're trying to find them all to relocate them." Holstein expects excavation to continue another two to three months. "We're trying to locate everything," he said.

On-site director Rick Walling says he's excited about the project is because it's unusual to find such a well-preserved ground site. "The field has never been plowed with a tractor, and remains to this day pastureland, We're finding pits that were used for storage and fire pits that were used to fire pottery and for cooking," he said, adding that thousands of fragments had been found.

Objects found by the researchers are not funerary objects, but fragments used in every-day life. "This probably started as a place where they came through and stopped for a short while," Walling said. The first people traveling through were transient and date back to the earlier Archaic period around 10,000 years ago.

What started as an occasional site ended up in the latter period as a settlement, Walling said, and became a settlement some time around 3,500 years ago.

Researchers are trying to determine if inhabitants were hunters and gatherers or farmers. "We don't really know if they were farmers or not," Walling said.

As an added benefit for the public, when the university finishes with the project they will publish a report complete with photos. "We're excited about this," Holstein said. "We asked the Highway Department and federal officials if they would help pay for this report for the public, and they agreed."

When the project is completed, a glossy report complete with photos will be available for the public and will explain the various time periods.

January 2004 Pow-Wows:    

January 1 - Comanche Little Ponies, New Year's Day PowWow
Location: Apache, Oklahoma, Comanche Community Building
Lowell Nibbs,

January 3 - KC Sound Force Contest Powwow
Location: R.E. Karlin Gym @ Kirtland Central High School, Kirtland, New Mexico.

January 9-11 - Bearspaw First Nation Pow-wow
Location: Morley, Alberta, Canada.

January 10 - Crew 6 Annual Powwow
Location: Our Lady of Holy Trinity University's-St. Joseph's Hall on 1200 Lantana Rd., Corpus Christi, Texas.
Contact: Dwyane Carballeira: 361-882-5311 or 361-739-9705 Email: or David Russell: 361-643-8937.

January 10-11 - Peemadswin Neewin Noodnong - Welcoming the New Years
Location: Tecumseh, Michigan.
Contact: Lloyd Nahdee, Chief Organizer - 517/592-3437 email:

January 10-11 - 1st Annual Red Paint Powwow
Location: Silver City, New Mexico.
Contact:, 1-800-548-9378, (505) 538-3785, participants call (505) 534-1379.

January 10-11 - American Express Invitational Native American Arts Festival
Location: West Valley Fine Arts Council grounds, 387 Wigwam Blvd., Litchfield Park, Arizona.
Contact: A series of fascinating free artist lecture demonstrations precede the festival. Call 623.935.6384 for our lecture schedule or see Calendar of Events in

January 16-18 - Spirit of the Buffalo
Location: Auburndale, Florida.
Contact: Jimmy Wiseowl (931) 212-2464 e-mail -

January 17 - Morning Star Celebration
Location: John Carroll School, Bel Air, Maryland.
Contact: Gary Scholl 410-838-8333 ex14,

January 17 - 10th Annual Benefit Pow Wow
Location: Greenville High School Gym, Greenville, Texas.
Contact: 3515 Lion's Lair Road, Greenville, TX 75402, phone 903-457-2589, FAX 903-455-5158, e-mail

January 17 - Senior Pow-wow
Location: Newcomb, New Mexico.
Contact: Lenusy Morris at (505) 360-0143.

January 17 - Yuma Powwow
Location: 2300 1st St., Joe Henry Park-Yuma, Arizona.
Contact: Ray Kingfisher (928) 783-1639, e-mail;

January 23-25 - St. Petersburg City Fair and Pow Wow
Location: St. Petersburg, Florida.
Contact: Shane Ritch 1-727-345-2755,

January 25 - Gary Stroutsos Flute Concert
Location: 1112 First St Snohomish, Washington, 98290
Contact: Contact Swallowtail Gallery at 360-862-1624. Web address is

January 30 - February 1 - Mul-Cha-Tha Powwow 2004
Location: Sacaton, Arizona.

Contact: Lena Rock 480-220-7161 or Gila River Recreation Office 520-562-6092 or 6087.

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Thank you so much,

Dee Redfeather Stewart